The Going To Tense: English Grammar

Yesterday, we learned about the future simple tense. (See the bottom of this article for a link!) Today, we’re going to learn about a related tense, but with a special construction. This is the Going To  tense construction.

Going to Tense: What Is The Going To Tense?

It has the same general use as the future simple tense but is constructed differently to give a slightly different meaning.
If you use “He will go shopping” then you are assuming that the sentence will happen in the future. In the present, nothing is happening.
If you use “He is going to go shopping” then you are assuming the sentence will happen in the future. In the present, the plan is definite. Even if doesn’t go shopping, in the present the sentence is true. It is not an assumption.

Going to Tense: How Do I Make The Going To Tense?

He is going to dance with her.

Subj + is + going to + verb (infinitive without to) + object.

Compare that with simple future:

He will dance with her.
Subject + will + infinitive without to + object.

The going to tense/construction shows the same future assumption, but has a present “going to” to show that in the present, the statement is true.

Other Articles in this Series:

With yesterday’s articles and today’s articles, you can confidently talk about the simple future. You can use the going to tense construction to add variety into your sentences, depending on what you mean. If you would like to learn how to use the other tenses, check out the rest of our “Learn English Grammar” series by clicking the specific links to the tenses below!

Past Simple Tense.
Past Progressive Tense
Present Simple Tense.
Present Progressive Tense.
Present Perfect Simple Tense
Present Perfect Progressive Tense
Past Perfect Simple Tense
Past Perfect Progressive Tense
Future Simple Tense
Going To Tense (This Article!)

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