Present Perfect Simple Tense

learn english grammar - present perfect simple tense

This post is the latest in our English Grammar Series. We have looked at four different tenses before. Now we will look at the Present Perfect Simple Tense. To see our other articles on English Grammar, please read this article and then follow the links at the end.

What is the Present Perfect Simple Tense?

The Present Perfect Simple Tense is used to describe an action that has started to happen. The structure is this:
You have eaten.
Subject + verb “to have” + verb (past participle.)

What do we use the Present Perfect Simple Tense for?

We use the Present Perfect Simple tense when we are describing an action that has already started. It is either still happening now, or has just finished.
He has learned French.
This person started learning French in the past. He can still speak French. He may still be learning French. It is a continuous action.

Issues with the Present Perfect Simple Tense

You may get stuck on two main things:
1. You must use the correct version of the verb “to have”
You have. I have. She has. He has. They have. We have.
2. You must use the past participle in the main verb. She has jumped. You have written.

Also, remember that native speakers may contract the auxiliary verb. “He has spoken” might sound like “He’s spoken.”

Examples of the Present Perfect Simple Tense

He has spoken.
You have listened.
I have arrived.
She has slept.
They have danced.
We have found a dog.


Using this and our other articles, you will be able to build sentences in English. Those sentences will help you describe events and actions in the past, present and future.

If you are trying to learn a different language, you can use this information to look up the correct way to make sentences in your target language.

Other Articles in this Series:

Past Simple Tense.
Past Progressive Tense
Present Simple Tense.
Present Progressive Tense.
Present Perfect Simple Tense
Present Perfect Progressive Tense
Past Perfect Simple Tense
Past Perfect Progressive Tense

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