Second Conditional Simple in English Grammar

The last two articles concentrated on the first conditional. In English, there are two conditionals. The first, and the second. They have a simple and continuous aspect. Today, we will talk about the second conditional simple form, before doing the final instalment tomorrow.

What Is The Second Conditional Simple? What Do We Use The Second Conditional Simple For?

The second conditional simple is what we use to explain something that might have happened in the past, if a certain condition was met.

The difference between this and other conditionals is that it talks about something that is in the past, and the condition is also in the past tense. The event would have ended by the present.

How Do I Use The Second Conditional Simple?

The construction of the second conditional simple is as follows:

I would have danced with Sarah if I’d seen her.

Subject + would + have  + main verb in past tense. ( If + Had + Verb in Past Tense)

When you finish the sentence with an “if” clause, you have to use “had” and the past tense for the main verb.

What Are Some Pronunciation Issues With The Future Perfect Continuous Tense?

This tense is quite simple to pronounce, but you need to remember that “Subject” + “would” and “would” + “have” can all be contracted. We show you how to contract in the second conditional continuous by look at the “He” and “She” examples below.

What Are Some Examples Of The Second Conditional Simple?

I would have jumped over the fence if the door was locked.

You would have made more money if you took the new job.

She’d have caught a cold if she stayed out in the snow .

He would’ve seen it coming if he’d looked.

They would  have watched a movie at the cinema.

We would have to leave the party early to get home on time.


The explanation and examples are all you need to understand the second conditional simple.  Tomorrow, we will work on the second conditional continuous form to conclude our series on the conditionals. Stay tuned!


Other Articles in the English Grammar Series:

Past Simple Tense.
Past Progressive Tense
Present Simple Tense.
Present Progressive Tense.
Present Perfect Simple Tense
Present Perfect Progressive Tense
Past Perfect Simple Tense
Past Perfect Progressive Tense
Future Simple Tense
Going To Tense
Future Continuous Tense
Future Perfect Simple Tense
Future Perfect Continuous Tense
First Conditional Simple
First Conditional Continuous
Second Conditional Simple (This Article)


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